Global Islamic finance witnesses newcomers, boom and old hurdlesSouce:Xinhua Publish By Thomas Whittle Updated 09/10/2012 12:11 am in World / no comments
DUBAI, Oct. 8 (Xinhua) — As banking in line with Islamic law matures, partnerships rather than rivalry feed the industry’s comeback.
According to global consultancy Ernst and Young, there are more than 390 Islamic banks and financial institutions based in 75 countries. The emirate of Dubai will soon have a new player in the field of banking in line with Islamic law or Shari’ah.
Earlier this month H. H. Sheikh Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum, executive chairman of the United Arab Emirates’ (UAE) oldest investment bank, Shuaa Capital, said on request by Xinhua that his bank applied for an Islamic banking license. “We plan to launch Islamic banking in the first quarter of 2013,” he said.
Shuaa was hit badly by the financial crisis as trading volumes at capital markets plummeted. In 2011, the bank reported a eyebrow- raising return of equity of minus 19.9 percent.
Consequently, Shuaa, whose shares are traded at the Dubai Financial Market, aims to explore new markets.
“We target the market for Shari’ah-compliant financing for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) as in the UAE only four percent of SME financing comes today from banks,” said Sheikh Maktoum, who is a member of Dubai’s ruling family Al-Maktoum.
Because Shari’ah forbids interest, banks become partners of those businesses they finance and share profits, instead of lending money with interest.
It is of no coincidence that Shuaa opts to enter Islamic finance now. The market celebrates a strong comeback. The impressive growth in Islamic bonds, known as sukuk, has moved banking in line with Islamic law or Shari’ah back into the spotlight of global finance.
According to Kuwait’s largest Islamic financial institution Kuwait Finance House, the market for Islamic bonds grew to 210.8 billion U.S. dollars, up by a whopping 40.1 percent year-on-year.
Forgotten are the woes when Dubai state-owned developer Nakheel almost defaulted on a 3.52 billion dollars sukuk in November 2009 (only a guarantee worth 10 billion dollars issued by oil-rich emirate Abu Dhabi saved Nakheel and Dubai from an embarrassing oath of disclosure).
The positive trend is expected to continue. “This is the biggest year for sukuk simply because supply is finally catching up to demand,” said John Sandwick, wealth manager at Safa Investment Services in Geneva, Switzerland.
He added that “2013 we expect issuances to be even bigger. The sukuk market is finally hitting its stride since substantial standardization by Islamic finance organizations such as AAOIFI, the Accounting and Auditing Organisation for Islamic Financial Institutions.”
Ample demand has pulled the yield for sukuk to a historic low, as the HSBC/NASDAQ Dubai US Dollar Sukuk Index (SKBI) indicates.
Attracted by the impressive petro-dollars fuelled growth in the Gulf Arab region, Sandwick decided to expand to the region. On Oct. 8, Sandwick launched Safa Investment Services’ branch in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, with a grand opening.
In the wake of the financial crisis, Islamic banking went through choppy years.
Germany’s largest lender Deutsche Bank and Swiss private bank Pictet closed their Islamic investment funds due to a lack of demand; conferences on Islamic finance were cancelled; Islamic financial institution Dubai Bank, launched in 2007 as a bank which aimed to make a difference in service, had to be saved from collapse, first in May 2011 by the Dubai government, then a year ago by the UAE’s largest lender Emirates NBD, who took over Dubai Bank.
Meanwhile, Islamic finance has reached the volume of some 1.1 trillion dollars, according to Ernst and Young.
Besides new players entering the scene, like Shuaa or Safa, consolidation is also on the move, giving proof of that industry’s maturity.
On Tuesday, Bahrain’s Islamic lender Ithmaar Bank’s negotiations on a proposed merger with First Leasing Bank, one of its Bahrain-based associates, have reached an advanced stage.
But one of the most significant joint ventures in the industry has happened last summer and was almost unnoticed. Dow Jones Indexes and Standard and Poor’s (S&P) Indices, once rivals in providing indexes for the financial industry, joined forces.
Dow Jones Indexes developed and launched in 1998 the first market index which measures the performance of listed firms whose business does not contradict to Islamic principles, the Dow Jones Islamic Market (DJIM) Index.
Entities which produce alcohol, weapons, pork products and interest-bearing financial products are excluded from any Islamic market measure, as well as highly indebted firms.
After Dow Jones started to develop Shari’ah-compliant indexes for different regions, countries and industries, more providers jumped on the Islamic bandwagon, such as S&P, FTSE or Russell Indexes, to mention a few.
“The joint venture in July 2012 between S&P Indices and Dow Jones Indexes has led to the creation of the world’s largest provider of financial market indices,” said Tariq Al-Rifai, director of Index Investment Strategy, S&P Dow Jones Indices, in an e-mailed interview with Xinhua.
“The new entity, S&P Dow Jones Indices, is able to deliver index-based investment solutions across a wider range of asset classes and regions,” he said.
The joint venture is that huge that it is too early to disclose figures on how many funds have licensed an Islamic gauge from the S&P Dow Jones Indices family. “S&P Dow Jones Indices is currently in the process of recalculating the AUM post merger for both families of Islamic indices,” Al-Rifai explained.
However, the boom in sukuk is also mirrored in the Dow Jones Citigroup Sukuk Index. “When we launched the first global, rated, U.S. dollar-denominated sukuk index in 2006, there were only 11 sukuk issues in the index,” Al-Rifai said. “Our Dow Jones Sukuk Index has since then become the leading benchmark in the world and includes 31 sukuk issues as of today. While still small on a global scale, the sukuk market continues to grow at a rapid pace.”
Nevertheless, the index family also reveals a tenacious deficit in Islamic capital markets. “Islamic countries currently have a weighting of only 1.3 percent in the DJIM World Index and there are several reasons for this. First, the largest stock market in the Middle East, Saudi Arabia, is not included in the index because it is not investible by foreign investors.”
“Second, countries with small market capitalizations, such as Pakistan and Lebanon, are dropping off because of their size. Third, it is important to note that many other Islamic countries do not have stock exchanges or do not allow foreign investors,” said Al-Rifai.
Such indications of isolation in times of growing interconnected markets prove that the Islamic finance industry, albeit celebrating an impressive comeback this year, is only in the first stage of becoming a mature market with culture for investing in the Muslim world.